Tim- Laurie you were talking about
instrumental engagement and idealized visions.
But we’re not just interested in visions, we want to actualize. What does it mean to have a networked relationship.
Stephanie Flom has a networked relationship here in
Angelo- this is the center of the discourse
Erica- are you asking how to merge those.
she brought up the efficacy of the vision of desire.
Tim- how do you plant the idea like a seed (no) like a tool.
If I poke someone in my network, they’ll poke me back.
What we are talking about is deep humanity and trust. They speak in a language of their own invention. Instrumentality is manipulative.
Erica- if we each come with a separate vision, we need to have something that inspires the vision into a collective vision. The group needs to have some collective ….
Tim- dan, with the Azerbijian pipeline book- did you want to inspire them?
Dan- it’s a little different- it’s the most rational thing we’ve ever done. It was an enabling project.
Jane- the activist and campaigners commissioned a report and we said- lets make it something beautiful. The books aesthetics launched the campaign.
Dan- but the people we were working with had a vision of stopping a huge international effort. The information we could provide launched this movement.
Tim- the choice of your partners was critical.
Helen- the choices change as a result of the partners you work with. It’s the group networking that changes the work.
Tim- five metaphors on the table- that I would split up on ends of a continuum.
-pools of water
Tim- maybe we can’t answer this question, but let me ask you, those of you engaged in pedagogy- isn’t it important that we have a describable method.
Laurie- we don’t want a hundred platforms and an overarching metaphor. We want different actions for different conditions.
Bret- I feel like I don’t want a homogenizing, overarching metaphor.
Tim- do we want to teach people change? Do we want to spread this- or do we want to stay unique separate entities.
Suzi- I think that ….. through resononance all you have to create is a nucleus and then you see it spreading through culture already.
Dan- tim’s less patient than you.
Suzi- I can vouch that the little seed thrown out has taken root and its very gratifying.
Malcolm- if you invent metaphors for people your framing the world for them. You can’t do that- they have to do it for themselves- but strategic knowledge is something you can teach.
Christine- I think branding or labeling is really limiting and can decrease the excitement of the thing.
Jan- I am an educationalist. I think its our job to teach multiple pedagogies. We’ve had terrible arguments about what is change. This is not a political movement or it will die out.
Dan- let’s become far better at writing up our projects and making that information go further. There is a certain amount of reinventing the wheel. Sharing information requires a good deal of humility.
Jackie- I believe in multiple ways of doing things and that trying to label them too early on is dangerous.
Tim- I would argue that this is an incredibly elite group that feels they don’t have a common language to share with a greater world.
Christine – we share by doing.
Tim- Can we create oak trees and collect continuously. That we can go into any community and share in this discourse. We don’t want to continuously be redefining the world.
Laurie- I think we can teach respect, anti-racism. I don’t think we have to teach instrumentality. Engage with people who already know the community and what they need and you can work with them.
Erika- my town has 400 acres just given to them and I wonder what this group would do to work with my country. I doubt that this group could do it. It’s too academic.
Tim- we can’t agree on anything about how to create change? We’re going to have a tough time on Saturday.
Helen- it’s incredibly arrogant to think that we can change anybody.
Tim- what is the common ground?
Stacie- but we’re all individuals. It’s different when you through an artist into the community its different than throw someone else in the community. It’s not just listening, its processing.
Jon- through listening and how we think cities should be be built.
Nicola- speak to the common ground- it’s complicated that you want to seek. 2nd point is that the common ground is the creativity. But its really hard.
Tim- there is nothing that separates us from other artists, except that I invited you here. Where do we teach people about this stuff.
Tom- we can bring things outside the scientific method. Example of mining causing run off.
Tim- so there’s a certain autonomy outside of designated specialty.
Helen- the method of apprenticeship is the best method of teaching this practice.
Tim- that’s the dominant method in science and engineering. Is that what we’re talking about. We teach mentor ship in the art model.
Jackie- lets separate common ground from methodology. We do have common ground and we shouldn’t have the same methodologies. We each develop our own methodology. It does us a disservice to reduce it to three steps.
Tim- I’m not trying to establish myself as the expert. I want to give these guys a set of methodologies. I feel a little responsibility to tease out what is in the tool box for this practice.
Mark D.- I haven’t figured out what exactly your getting at. But different students are going to respond to different methodologies. But the network is important. Your job as a teacher is to connect your student with the most compatible method. Relational point of view your job is to connect your students with opportunities/mentors.
Suzi-I think the major tool is the one that you’ve set up here. This discourse. The next step could be to talk about what is in the tool box. What have you got in place in terms of tools that you could share with us.
Mark - we had many presentations yesterday and you can pull apart and find out what you liked of each of them. I don’t think theres a simplified way to get into the richness of one day.
Erika- I want to speak to your students. When you get out to a place that you want to impact. This level of trust has to be developed with the people you work with. Humility and listening. You open completely and listen. Provocative questions to learn more. Humble investigator. Even if there is tremendous dispair. Americans never listen we always tell. But listening is such an effective tool. The persons mind becomes less cluttered. They can speak on par with you and work together as equals.
Reiko- we know everyone is different and we have to have respect about that. We are going to the mon valley and look and see we want some change, what can we do abut that. Can we work together for just three days?
Tom- I think we are working together. Responsibilities to our students is getting a sense of who they are and who they want to work with or know about.
Helen- tool box- man y tools: listening, information and vision- have to care. Caring shows in the way you look.
Tim- can you talk about skills, the skills you bring to the tools
Ann- how do you……. Organize, work across culture, how do you organize people. It’s not some formula.
Tim- it’s dialogic expression. It’s the carnevelesque, the diverse.
Erika- its not throwing out the old tools, like the paint brushes.
Jackie- I have to become a bit of a bloodhound to lead me to the people I need to talk to.
Tim- I’m sorry if this discussion is provocative. I get emotional and …
Erica- obviously we’re here to serve you in part, somehow we’re missing it amd you are wanting more- what in your guts to you want to get out of this.
Tim- its simple – 10 arrows. Art world is made up of single arrows and individuals… everyone of you has suggested in your paper that there’s a different way of working and we need to find ways to let that impact the world faster better stronger. I don’t know what it is you all have, but if we don’t get it into teaching into the arts, but we’ve got real problems. We have to get started. But these conversations are really important.
Industrial landscape is part of their common experience
Tom worked in a mill in McKees Rocks to get through college
Towns faltered after mills declined and struggled to figure out how to manage themselves
Early work dealt with the individual being effected by larger economical political decision that were beyond their control
This work was criticized for not being based on factual evidence and research, needed to engage more in the issues to know what they were talking about
Tom and Connie researched for a year, talked to stakeholders, what was their position?
Talked to those involved in the project, as well as native people who would be effected by it (Cree and Inuete)
Ecological effects were huge – water contaminated with Mercury, waters made to reverse their direction in river beds, etc
“Perceptions of Power” – Canadian officials from HydroQuebec said the land was barren, wasteland. Cree and Inuete see it as their garden
Tom and Connie attended a gathering of these two tribes to talk about how to oppose this project
Hydro-Quebec were very proud of their proposed project, engineers felt that it was a very important technological step
T and C started to think of them as priests maintaining a cathedral to technology
T and C were given full access to the project
They made installations responding to this situation:
conditioner and space heater dualing – Canadians used electricity for heat,
Asked Inuete man how they could help, he said go home and turn off your lights.
System was set up to support American culture, we need to solve our cultural problems
Residency at a school – the area had been strip mined, devastated
Students worked to reclaim the site and make a statement about it, they created a wetland on the site
USX who owned the site contributed resources
There are polluted streams, compromised communities, mountain top removal for stripmining
Coal is being extracted in large amounts and shipped over seas cause it’s high sulfur coal
Local resistance movement is emerging
Coal miners union was involved in supporting the movement
It was hard to see what was happening from the ground.
Mining companies control access to sites and don’t allow people to see the effects
T and C flew over the area with an advocacy group
Mining companies remove mountain tops and place the displaced material in the valleys, filling in riverbeds, killing trees
Leads to flooding because there are no trees
Another problem is the coal slurries, where the coal is cleaned on site
One accident was bigger than the Exxon Valdese spill
Destroyed sections of the Allegheny
Company’s solution was just to bulldoze the slug out of the water and leave it on the flat land
People in the area felt that their problems had just been dismissed by the rest of the country and the destruction of their homes wasn’t seen important
More installations in response:
Slides projected onto a screen with images of animals, the devastation of the town obscured the animal life
Connie made quilts in which she planted seeds
After the show the quilts were taken to the bony piles near their home and reseeded
Background in site based art practice
Personal practice as well as collaborative practice with Haha
Political work is slightly separate from art work
housing issues and queer politics in
Ecology has always been part of the work however
Hydro-phonic garden project
Initial idea was of Interconnection
Chemical lased water goes over the roots of plants and all the roots grow together
Dirtless situation would avoid the contamination potentials of dirt
This was more of a rationalization for setting up this system though
The project took on more dimensions than expected
They had the store front where there were harvests, meals each week, aids ed programs, other educational programs
Outdoor gardens as well
Sterility of hydro-phonic system suggested the sterility of the medical issues
Outdoor gardesn were more involved in the sensory aspects of gardening
Sponsorship of the projects raised issues
Initially sponsored by and arts fund – bus tours each week
Once it was no longer affiliated with an arts organization people were very confused about what they were doing
Storefront, what are you selling? Nothing, come inand talk to us
That relationship of a storefront and the people that they talked to and interacted with were really crucial, they provided many services beyond the garden, developed relationsips with people and this was the major lesson of the project
3 Acres on a lake
She was just really interested in this meadow
Heard that it was going to be turned into a parking lot
Researched the area, what was it used for?
Found that it had been dedicated to a black explored who was the first non-indigenous settler
It had yet to be transformed into a park because of the lingering racism
Also found it was contaminated
Couldn’t figure out initially who owned the land
It was partially set aside as park land
BUT clauses connected to a developer who had rites to purchase and develop it in 2007
Laurie saw it as a rich site of contradiction
Put out a call for proposals independently – no prize or competition, no realization
She had not control over the land, but was interested in
Emphasised that proposals not defer to practicality, safety issues, etc
But required it to remain dedicated to Du Sable
Began working with an organization that was working to push for the development as a site as a park
But art project was to do something else
Proposals came from all over the world,
They held exhibitions of proposals: they were all over the place: mobile gardens in trucks, high rise landfill, landscape designs, bio-remediation, boats full of floating gardens, retirement homes for special interest groups, Du Sable league proposed text
Du Sable coalition was able to use this publicity and momentum
Jamie Johnson’s project
To creates public space
Exhibition had information about each of these spaces
Also Made benches in the shape of vacant lots in the city to show potential within the city
Visiting mines and writing about them
Looking at market based initiative to sell helium
Writing essays and educating self about these systems and their complexity
Eco-art process and practice.
In 1995, I attended the united nations 4th world conference on women, I was contemplating going to grad school. The conference inspired me to return to school in the hopes that I could use my art to create change in the world.
Q: what is the roots of our environmental problem.
I wanted to trace it back. What belief systems, were making it possible to destroy our lifesupport system. * was searching for a form to convey my ideas that would incorporate
Eco social interprestaions fo place
Another project that began to inform my work.
We had an echange with an art school is southern
Eco-confessional- adobpted personas of wood-nyph and mother earth.
crazy booth. Recycled
items, plastic ivy. Playing with
idea as nature as a construction. Set up
on campus and in market area in downtown
Cards that we handed out with easy things people could do to promote their relationship to nature.
Social construction of nature
Play and irony
Personalizing the political
Went to various streams , brought cloth there and sometimes left it there and let the streams stain the cloths.postcards of the site. Tourist narrative and information on the site. Images altered in terms of coloring, but they are actual sites. Juxtapose apple tree and industry. Hisotry of the site- information we wanted to communicate. Complicity with the industry.
Vernacular- for a show at the
This project intergrates the form content and strategies that I have been crafting for several years.
Eco-art values intention of my process and practice is to model the following values as an artist, educator, community activist an citizens
Sustainability- designour our lives
Social and biological diversity-
Social and environmental justice
Collaboration inter disciplines respect
Quote from bell hooks going deep and find the roots of our environmental dis-ease.
.public sculpture opinion poll- 3 of us work together. We decided to talk about a single project. Project from 2000. “episodic” a sculpture that appeared in our neighborhood. It seemed like this project just fell from the sky into our neighborhood. No information provided- except “keeping neighborhoods alive” even calling the city to find out about the sculpute was really a hassle- self addressed stamped envelopes. Agenda: drive by sculptural experiences.
Placement of sculpture of how the democratic machine works in
We make publications for almost every project we do. To take responsibility for our ideas and the discussions we were having. We started talking about how we might strategize about this sculpture. It’s a preety diverse area. We wanted a means for finding out how people felt about this thing. Anonomously, or in different language. To hear unbiased unmediated opinions. We bought cheap clip boards and mounth them on telephone poles. The survey had images of the sculptures. Asked people to respond and said that it their feedback might be sent to dept of public art.
After we learned that we had missed a lot of commentaries. We didn’t want to organize the neighborhood to remove it. Some people liked it, others wanted to remove it, said it was for the white people to enable gentrification. Some of the most thoughtful responses were from children. (they reaad the responses) when you read them as a whole. They displayed these responses where? And made a publication.
Brett was on a panel with mike lash director of the cities public art. I was able to counter what he said about the project. He compared the people of the city to rats.
Ginger Steve and
Lorrain, Outreach Director,
Steve, homestead main street manager
Over the last 50 years the mon valley has seen a 60% decrease in population.
waterfront –its here- what can we do- to make it a more positive
situation. Owning a home in the
Jane- who funds the MVI-
Ginger- some gov’t funds. Small developers fee.
Grant- ask about the power of the CDC organization. sometimes they are covers for gentrification. Usually at the beginning the CDC opens with a benign face- talking about housing, but those things get dropped. What leverage do you have to defend the assets of the working class who live here.
Ginger- while we call ou r member organizations CDCs most of them are not incorporated, most of them are neighborhood organizations. Have you been reading howard husak?
Ginger- one way to get power is to be successful and we haven’t always been successful. Get attention of funders.
Jon- gentrification in urban areas in
driven my market- in
Grant- but someone thought therewould be a market
Jon- but that is just for consumers from the other side of the river.
Jon- what about a big old house?
Ginger- between 20 and 90 thousand.
Tom- isn’t homestead more than other neighborhoods?
Stephanie- yes it’s half that down the river.
Some talk about the house market ensues
Mark- how does a citizen idea come through the cdc- through mvi to fruitition?
Ginger- there’s a lot of examples from a public health issue to…. Housing issues. Eventually the group says we need some professional help with this.
Dan- do you feel you have power in this community? I really want to know who makes decisions in this community.
Enter David lewis- did a huge charette many years ago.
Dan- if you don’t feel you have the power- who does.are there economic forces at work in which you are just pawns.
David- the answer is that we are proud that we live in a democracy. I grew up in capetown. Got in trouble as a student (kicked out ) for trying to open up the university. We were branded as communitists. I immediately volunteered for the war. I then became an exiled citizen at the time of the big crackdown on the African national congress. Then I became a brit. Then I became an American. This country for all its faults- is a democrazy- the power is spread in a democracy. The council can control some of what we can do. We know the council people. We have a CDC. It sit on the board of a CDC. Each borough has their own mayor, their own fire dept. their own trash dept. the power is distributed. I can’t think of any centralized power that controls our life here in the borough.
I started an urban laboratory.
Tim- we are trying to get to a sense of
David- In 1984 the Mills closed down and 17.5 million jobs were lost- overnight- mostly male jobs. This valley here was a male dominated valley- steelers- iron city beer. But it didn’t just happen here- it happendd all trhough the north of England.and the rurh valley. So in 1982- I was asked to be part of a seminar- organized by the prince of wales. At that conference I got an idea. I would form an international conference to deal with the fall of industry to make proposals for these brownfields site. In 1986 we had the re-making cities conference – what are the assets after this tremendous economic loss. And after the conference was over- I was left with a sense of terrible guilt- what had I done?
All these ideas- but still thousands of people unemployed. Gigantic castration. I decided to move over here to work for it. I moved in 1987- I knew nobody. The first person I met was Ray sinosky- we were appointed to the board of the local community college- educated thousands of unemployed. Steel buildings bought by a park system. Steel to be sold to japan to make Toyotas . the community wanted to hold on to the mills- they wanted the companies to come back and restart the steel production.
We felt the only way to make a differnce was to develop a master plan for the three boroughs. Then two detailed action plans. That all took the best part of seven or eight years. But we are moving now. Meanwhile the mills came down. We managed to save the chimneys and the pump house.
David- power over what?
Dan- power over decision making.
David- this community is largely African American- but they are not doing the decision making and they aren’t active on the street. When I go to the bank and redevelopment corp. there are few African Americans we have to reinfranchise this large disenfranchisement. Gentrification is a two way street. Tends to drive out lower income family, but gentrification stimulates the economy. We need to have owner occupied businesses on this street.
Cheryl Sears- Mckeesport neighborhood –
Hannah Erlich- mon valley trail council-
Cheryl- why do you want to talk to me? Tim said to just tell him what you do.
We’ve got hope that this community will be revitalized. Tim and reiko didn’t tell you about the backbreaking experiences that they’ve had with me with the green space.
We want to
make this a place that kids will want to stay here and we want to make them
stay here. These are some of the
projects we’ve done here in
Hannah- I’m not from
I’ll talk specifically about the steel valley trail. We’re a volunteer board. In order to build a trail through the mon valley. The RIDC park spans…..
Hannah- it makes it exponentially more expensive to work with them. One example is to talk about the removal of a pipe. The price for the land (1.3 miles) is 100,000 dollars, but 1 million dollars of clean-up. Can’t leave the pipe on the land, because us steel would be liable.
We are an
important connector and a valuable asset for
have a lot of trails complete, but once we have that through trail for
Tim- Cheryl and laura could you
talk about what rivers and trails mean to
Laura- I think it’s a very viable for
Cheryl- we took a space in the marina and
we tore it our and planted
butterfly garden. The patients from the nursing home
could enjoy the butter fly. And that s where the trail starts in
Hannah- could you talk about the ______history and
environmental day? We asked historians to dig out their boxes and people could
display their history and people from outside the community could see the
history and so that youth could see the history. John Herr wrote about
Reiko – everybody is made to feel so welcome and introduced and recognized.
Cheryl- we’d like everybody to live here. We have no budget. John Stevens? Brought mulch and trees. We name the trees after the kids and tell them to take care of it. 3 rivers second nature brought the trees one year.
Tim- what are some of the issues with the trail besides the obvious one of the pipeline.
Hannah- we have a lot of municipalities down here.
Laura- it’s hard to get everybody active about it. Over 300 people ride their bikes all their way up there- different ages. Anytime we put the word out, we get what we need.
I am the director of a new housing project – 7 ward- a targeted neighborhood. We’ve got to sell those homes. The marina and the trail are big selling points. I walk it every evening. It’s an important selling point for new and rehabbed homes in this area.
Brian- how did the trail (that goes to dc) get started.
There is an organization called the
Tom- but there was a rail line that was abandoned.
Jackie- you mentioned you had problems maintaining the spaces- how have you handled it.
Cheryl- we publisze them, ask people to take a look at them. I keep everything in very visable spaces.
Jackie- because when we have a child that ongoing work is caring and nuturing.
Tim-Asks a queston-
Cheryl – I got the city to come out, the only issue was the union wouldn’t let me talk to the workers directly. They came with great tools and equipment and by the end of the day
They were getting excitied about the work and asking me “Cheryl whats next” !
Ann: Why a butterfly garden?
Cheryl – Johns Stephen’s had the idea.
Ann – teaching a learning over time, grass gardens, herb gardens, moss gardens.
History as part of the ideas in the gardens….
Cheryl – Reiko brought the plants and helped the kids learn what they all mean to the kids.
Laura – not in
Cheryl – industry as you will see here, Manchester Craftsmans guild wants to grow hydroponic tomatoes. Bio-tech, there is work, but mostly skilled labor.
Laura – people are talking about a mill. There are people ready to work on a daily basis. They can find jobs.
Cheryl – Echostar a
Laura – schools are good, penn state extension is here, student community center just opened
Jane – how many people go to
Cheryl – we had a train, that was taken away, people thought it was the ridership but we think it was really the jail.
Tom – the loss of the trains, was tied to the construction of the jail.
Hanah – what about the Mon Fayette?
Laura – subway or maglev sounds right to me.
MFE – I don’t like it one bit. When steel was here we got goods to the business without it.
Helen – I was impressed when I saw that you had a head start here, lots of community caring, and elderly.
Laura – we have weed and seed, community
cares, arts and soul program.
Return toe CMU for Prensentations
- action network
- a point of convergence for creative people, information and communities
books that describe where we started.
For this conference we’ve tried to focus on method.
Our basic structure is a network. The only defining thing that we have is that those people be creative and do stuff. We also have some shared values . focus on the built environment and genergating projects.
Have three project types
Encourage and spawn creativeity
Ecologically regionally thinking
Making connections- between people, infrastructure, andinformation.
We are not:
No offices no
Loose volunteer network run by core group
Structure/ no structure
Core group 10 to 20 people all are part time, connected to other organization throughout the city. Every couple months the core group gets together to resource share
One of the core members will lead the project and try to form a team. Large degree of autonomy/ I might not know that much about it. Projects need some money – they’ll go find it.
Then we have a large network of people who get our emails and people we try to engage. Our basic model is the flexible network. Web based network:
Build project teams
Advertise our events
Bueys- everyone is an artist. Everyone is creative and we can tap that creativity and get them to go do things. By engaing with people we can work with them. We can build culture from the bottom- get everyone to do this. To do this in a meeting setting we’e stolen some of the ideas from urban planning. Whats’ good whats bad, what can we do, what do we want to happen but we need to ask someone with more power than us. Encourage participants to become leaders. Because people know that we’re not the government = people get engaged. Some don’t that’s how we get people working on these things. Then we use our network to try to connect them to people who can help them realize their goals.
New projects coming out of Activate Pittsburgh sessions
Existing projects seeking resources and development
Individuals approaching ground zero with a specific idea.
Building coalitions of existing groups around a project or issue.
In 2000- a little after we were both after school. Fifth and forbes catalyst.
-anger with a removal and replacement development project
Mattress factory meeting- an event organized by Richard
Out of that initial event we had a cinco de mayo event that would gather more people together to see what we could do. A few projects were taken on right away.
First steps- a manifesto email invitation
Cinco de mayo event
Yellow book summarizes ideas
A second event starts projects
Fighting fifth and forbes
Transit- UV loop.
Critique of the model-
Weak underfunded center
Volunteer nature creates difficualty with follow through
Perception of core as a closed clique
Issues of legitimacy in public policy debates
Difficulty engaging people in the over all organization
Audience limited by technology
Limited ethnic diversity
No one person’s full time focus.
Speed and flexibility
No constraits on positions
Highly inter/multi disciplanarity
Connections to many types and levels of other organizations
Some progress in influencing policy
Structure forces …..
act poittsburgh collaboration sessions
Mon-fayette expressway- organized people who were working against it.
The art of the news- public cable channel- spoof news show.
Skinny building- 6 feet wide building art gallery
Making a scene- 10 day long getting artists to work together- free building to play in
Urban hike- one day once a month- 4 or 5 mile hike.
Forgery- collaboration of literary magazine- common office space-
Salvo- construction junction-
F7- adult spelling bee
Community murals project- taken over by the sprout fund.
Project- stay Pittsburgh- pitt students want to get people to stay.
All that in three years.
J 18- 1999.
Campaign against capitalism.- foucault quote- my work is based on.
My research is an attempt to engage with this event. Engage with it as a network creativity. Takes place in the financial district. Essentially I wanted to engage with this as something that embodies the wider context. Street based events- has tended to mark these events as resistance but it has produced the demonstration as container. This approach describes events for political purpose. Repeatable.
Demonstrations outlive the participants. Protest is a sign of protest. Demonstration of a sign. Is it effective or not? Whom is changing public opinion and how?
Model of culture is communication. Literatures use culture as a model of communications. Container and the sign.
Doesn’t matter in this model if we give priority to the demonstrator or the city as long as the gap is represented. The invisible is made visable.
In this model-
Communication is a constant production of difference. Breaking down the boundaries …..
Rather than mainaining this difference post structuralism fetishizes theis difference.
Everthing is reduced to meaning not really. In this world how do we become ethical beings.
I’ve chosen to engage with this demonstration in creating new spaces of action. Rather than engage with the protest as a text, I‘ll try to engage with this activity as a singular language.
Cultural production and a new space to test them in. an event of theory and practice.
The methods have been a real struggle. I’m cconstantly forced to be an eterinal critic instead of finding what is the creativity of this.
I am taking each of the elements of this, samba band, critical mass, each of these elements that emerge in the demonstration and I follow them as they move.
A physiological examination of the demonstration. What I am trying to do is put these practices on a plane of effectivity. Similar to lock ins and sit ins. They locate and characterize the event.
Problem of aligning effectivity and creativity which (as you all know) is seen as not artistic practice.